Available Until 6/30/2027

Reduce, Refine, Replace: Strategies for Animal Alternative Searches


For more information or to schedule this course, please contact Maureen Knapp <mknapp2@tulane.edu>.

This face-to-face course explains the law, procedures and reporting involved in meeting the requirements of Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) at academic research institutions, and how librarians contribute to the process. Participants will gain hands on experience with the animal research process, including critically reading a real-life scientific research protocol and using the terms within the protocol to search multiple research databases for animal alternatives. Participants will leave with a greater understanding of search terms and controlled vocabulary used in animal welfare searches, as well as a worksheet they can use as a template to report animal alternative searches to their Office of Research or researchers.

Learning Objectives

1. Identify regulations & accreditation requirements for federal and international animal welfare agencies

2. Identify considerations & requirements for about AAALAC International accreditation

3. Identify considerations and requirements for IACUC animal alternatives searching/FDA

4. Explain how librarians assist in identifying animal alternatives literature

5. Search research databases to identify animal alternatives literature

6. Employ controlled vocabulary and search hedges that can be used for locating animal alternatives literature

7. List organizations and websites that provide current developments and information about animal alternatives research

8. Consider various methods for identifying, locating, retrieving and reporting animal alternatives research

9. Consider management strategies for running an animal alternatives search program at your library

10. Discuss the challenges and benefits of running an animal alternatives search service at your library


AD = Adele Dobry; MK = Maureen Knapp

4 hour course 
0:00 - 0:15 - Introductions & Icebreaker (What do you want to learn today?) AD MK 
0:15-0:45 - History, Policies, 3Rs & Animal Legislation in the US AD 
0:45-1:00 - Librarians Role (Running an animal alternatives search program at your library - is it worth it?) MK 
1:00-2:00 - Group activity: Reading the Protocol AD MK 
2:00-2:15 break 
2:15 - 2:45 - Relevant Databases AD MK 
2:45-3:45 - Group activity 2: searching the Protocol- AD MK
3:45-4:00 - Wrap up & Reflection AD MK 

6 hour course
0:00 - 0:30 - Introductions & Icebreaker (sharing/disclosure of issues surrounding animal alternatives searching) AD MK 
0:30-1:00 - History of Animal Legislation in the US - AD
1:00-1:30 - US policies and international guidelines, AAALAC - AD
1:30-1:45 - Alternatives & the 3Rs - AD
1:45-2:00 - Librarians Role - AD MK
lunch break 
2:00 -2:30 - Group activity 1: Reading the Protocol - AD MK
2:30-3:00 - Relevant Databases- AD MK
3:00-4:00 - Group activity 2: searching the Protocol- AD MK
4:00-4:15 - break 
4:15 - 4:30 - Staying current with animal alternatives research- AD MK
4:30 - 5:00 - Running an animal alternatives search program at your library - MK
5:00-5:30 - Challenges & benefits of animal alternatives search programs - MK
5:30-6:00 - Wrap up & Reflection AD MK 

Facility Requirements

  • Computer lab with internet access for participants.
  • Ability to connect to Pubmed & select proprietary databases (to be determined) in computer lab Instructor station w/ projector, computer & internet access.

MLA CE Credits
: 4 or 6